If you know little about Tibet, you must hear a famous attraction in Tibet, Guge Kingdom Ruins. There is a mystery confusing lots of people that how the powerful Guge kingdom disappeared overnight three hundred years ago. Today, let’s walk close to the mysterious Guge Kingdom Ruins and explore the unveiled truth of its history.
Located in Zanda County, Ngari Prefecture, Tibetan Autonomous Region, China, Guge Kingdom Ruins has witnessed Tibetan history for more than one thousand years. According to the document, the descendants of the Tibetan Empire built Guge Kingdom Ruins in the ninth century. The distance between the center of Zanda County and Guge Kingdom Ruins is about 19 kilometers. With less than seven hundred years’ dominion, Guge Kingdom plays an important role in Tibetan history, especially in spreading Tibetan Buddhism and resisting foreign enemies. However, this grand kingdom disappeared overnight suddenly and left a big confusion to the world. At present, we can only experience the powerful kingdom relying on the ruins and cultural relics.
Just about thirty-three years ago, Guge was still a strange pronoun for most people in the world. Since the large-scale archaeology in 1985, the powerful Guge Kingdom Ruins appeared to the public again and attracted more and more travelers in the world.
How did the Guge Kingdom Ruins with bright culture disappear overnight? Let’s uncover the veil of Guge kingdom Ruins together.
In the 17th century, there were western missionaries visiting the Guge Kingdom. At that time, the king of Guge Kingdom was at odds with the leader of the Buddhism Religion in Tibet, his brother. Therefore, in order to consolidate the power and rights, Guge King began to weaken the effect of Buddhism by resorting to the power of western missionaries. In 1633, monks in this kingdom began to launch a rebellion. His brother led the army and attacked the capital of Guge Kingdom for the purpose of overthrowing the rule of Guge King. However, the Guge Palace built on the mountain is the firmest building in Tibet, and there was only one tunnel accessing to the Guge Palace. With the cliffs in four sides, conquering the palace seemed impossible. The war between the brothers lasting a long period. In order to overthrow the rule of Guge King, the rebels made all the ways. They began to expel the local residents and built a stone tower on the hillside. They believed that the palace would be conquered as soon as the construction of the stone tower. Nowadays, we can still see the uncompleted stone tower on the hillside, only about dozens of meters.
The reason why the stone tower is uncompleted is that some unforeseen events happened to the Guge Kingdom during the construction of the stone tower. It is said that due to the hard work of building the stone tower day and night, the enforced residents sang despairingly. When the king heard their songs, he was too sad to live any more. So the king jumped from the cliff and died. Thus, the Guge Kingdom was conquered finally.
With the expansion of Tibetan Buddhism, the hatred between the ruling class and the religion became deeper and deeper. At last, the war took place and the Guge Kingdom was disappeared.